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Legal Regulations on Green Packaging Material Abroad
Source:[China Legal Network] | Author:hftongda | Publish time: 2006-01-11 | 248 Views | Share:

[China Legal Network]
At present, green packaging system has become one of the main contents of setting green standards in developed countries. Green packaging system requires that imported commodity packaging should save energy, be easy to recycle or reuse after use, be easy to decompose naturally, not pollute the environment, protect environmental resources and consumer health. According to this system principle, in the past decade, developed countries have taken measures to formulate laws and directives on packaging with clear environmental protection measures, mainly as follows:
1. Legislation prohibits the use of certain packaging materials. For example, legislation prohibits the use of packaging materials containing lead, mercury and copper; non-reusable appliances; packaging materials that fail to achieve a specific recycling ratio.
2. Establish a storage return system. Many countries stipulate that all alcoholic beverages and soft drinks should use recyclable containers. Some countries (such as Denmark) require that imports be refused if this standard is not met.
3. Implementing tax incentives or fines means that manufacturers who produce and use packaging materials are given tax exemption, low tax incentives or higher taxes to encourage the use of renewable resources, depending on whether the raw materials for production and packaging are safe or partly recyclable.
In addition, Europe and the United States have also formulated relatively perfect regulations on the recycling and disposal of packaging wastes. Germany is in the forefront of the world in this respect. The German Packaging Law promulgated in 1991 stipulates the recycling rate of sales packaging in the form of national decrees, makes clear and strict regulations on the recycling and treatment of packaging waste, and puts forward the principle of "who pollutes, who governs". A French law on household packaging wastes borrows from German principles, stipulating that manufacturers or importers of packaged food must be responsible for the recycling of household waste. They either join government-supported industrial system organizations, or establish their own recycling systems, or participate in a storage plan. It does not set specific targets, so it is more flexible in implementation. This is the French system, which is regarded as a model by other European countries. The recycling and utilization of municipal solid waste in the United States is carried out in a completely different way. It emphasizes the operation according to the market mechanism, emphasizes the disposal of all garbage, not only the disposal of packaging waste, but also the formulation of overall and focused recycling objectives, rather than the formulation of unreasonable recycling proportion and duration for each material.